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交往行为理论下译者主体性探求——以《夏洛的网》四个中译本为例

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2021-06-27编辑:vicky点击率:431

论文字数:35266论文编号:org202106191705427761语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66

关键词:英语语言学论文交往行为理论译者主体性

摘要:本文是一篇英语语言学论文,在夏洛特网站的翻译中,每个译者都以达到“生活世界”中的有效目标为目标,以达到与翻译活动中的其他主体,包括译文读者、原文作者、赞助人和其他译者的相互理解。一方面,交际是译者表现主体性的过程。另一方面,译者在交际中受到其他主体的制约。

笔者认为哈贝马斯的交际行为理论将翻译活动带入了一个互动、平等、交际的生活世界。翻译是翻译主体之间相互交流、相互理解的过程,译者应以有效性要求为标准。为了达成一致,所有的主体都应该与译者进行和谐的交流。对话和对话确保了翻译过程的顺利进行,使文本内外的因素保持平衡和和谐。因此,翻译活动被描述为以语言为媒介,客观世界、主观世界和社会世界相互作用,涉及多个主体行为的交际活动。此外,译者在交际中起着核心作用。


Chapter OneIntroduction


1.1 Research background

The development of translation studies accelerates the displaying of the translator’ssubjectivity. In the west, Eugene Nida, George Mounin, J. C. Catford, and RomanJacobson see the translation as a linguistic activity aiming to reach a level of equivalence.Accordingly, the task of the translator is to transfer message from the Source Languageinto the Target Language. In 1928, Benjamin (2000) puts forward his translation theoriesin his article The Task of the Translator, in which the concept of originality andauthorship are primarily modified. Then Susan Bassnett (1998) points out that theconcentration of translation study in the 1970s and 1980s turns to history and power, andthe keyword of translation studies in the 1990s is “visibility”. Under the circumstance ofthe “culture turn”, the deconstructionists Venuti and Douglas lay great emphasis on thetranslator’s part in translation.

In ancient China, translation is looked down upon and regarded as parasitical andsecondary art. At that time, the translator is regarded as a tongue man, or a imitatingofficer who transmits the word. In 1984, Luo Xinzhang summaries the traditionaltranslation theory system as semantic equivalence, faithfulness, spiritual resemblance, andtransmigration. Under this circumstance, the role of the translator is changing gradually.These theories make translators have even more freedom in translation to exert theircreativity and subjectivity.

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1.2 Research objectives

The thesis attempts to conduct a social philosophy-based analysis to make adescriptive and explanatory study of the translator’s subjectivity on the four Chineseversions of Charlotte’s Web. Bearing this in mind, this study is carried out:

1) To test the hypothesis that in translating the translator chooses the style of theTarget Text based on the communications with other subjects.

2) To provide a new understanding and shed light on the study of the translator’ssubjectivity.

3) To propose a philosophy-based and replicable model for the evaluation of thetranslated version in literary translation.

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Chapter TwoThe Translator’s Subjectivity: the State of theArt


2.1 The changing status of the translator

Translation activities have a long history in human society. The translator, as animportant participant in translation, has been playing a significant role in connectingdifferent languages and cultures. For a long time, the translator’s role has beenmarginalized. Many derogatory names for translators such as a painter, an imitator, acamera and a copy machine (Ge, 2006) reflect the inferior status of translators.Translators’painstaking efforts have not been given due respect and recognition until the“culture turn” in translation studies. In the following, the author provides the generalreview to describe the role of the translator in the major approaches of translation studies.It is also the developing process o论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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